Arthroscopy is prescribed whenever there is a requirement to confirm any kind of medical doubts generated during previous diagnostic tests like MRI scans, CT scans, X-ray scans and physical examinations, which have indicated towards a certain problem in a particular joint area.
Usually, undertaken as the final diagnostic step, arthroscopy is known to be more accurate than open surgery or X-rays as the process allows surgeons to visualize internal details of the joint on a magnified screen. Bones, cartilages, muscles, tendons and ligaments experience injury and damage during various diseases and also during accidents. Following are the main conditions that make orthopedics prescribe arthroscopy:
Inflammation at the joint area is often seen in diseased conditions wherein the lining in the knee, wrist, shoulder and ankle suffers from synovitis. A complete diagnosis through arthroscopy is required to finally determine the process.
Joints often suffer acute or chronic injuries which could be in the shoulder, knee, wrist or elbow region. The most common form of injury is the occurrence of loose bodies of cartilage and bones that happen due to partial fracture suffered in minor accidents.
Other important injuries may include tendon tear (rotator cuff), impingement syndrome ad recurring dislocations in the shoulder joint, cartilage tears (meniscus), chondromalacia (cartilage cushion wearing), and ligament tears (often with instability in the knee joints, carpal tunnel syndrome in wrists, and other ligament or tendon injuries in joints.
Problems related to arthritis like cartilage wearing and inflammation are also treated using arthroscopy. The process is often used over multiple times to ensure proper arthritis treatment.
Arthroscopy is also undertaken along with other important surgeries which include rotator cuff surgery, repair and resection of torn cartilage from knee or shoulder, carpal tunnel removal, torn ligament repairs, ligament repair and reconstruction, and removal of loose bones and cartilage in the joint area.