There are various treatment methods for oral cancer. Sometimes, these treatment methods are used together to remove cancer from a patient. The type of treatment method used depends on the stage of cancer, the health of the patient, and the location of cancer.
Surgery- Using surgical techniques, the surgeon cuts the tumor (cancerous cells) and small margins of healthy cells.
Another surgical treatment includes removing lymph nodes from the neck so that cancer does not spread. Neck dissection surgery removes the lymph nodes where cancer has spread or where there is a high risk of its spreading.
Reconstructive surgery is a post-surgery operation. After the cancer is removed, doctors can rebuild the face.
Radiation Therapy- In this treatment method, radiation waves (high energy beams) are used to kill cancer cells. There are two ways to give radiation therapy- external beam radiation and brachytherapy.
Chemotherapy- The treatment involves the use of chemicals to destroy cancer cells.
Immunotherapy- Through this method, certain drugs are given to the patient to enable the immune system to fight cancer.
Targeted Drug therapy- Doctors give some medicines that target tissues or other abnormalities of a cancer cell. These medicines target and change the aspects that allow cancer cells to grow.
Post-procedure guidelines for Oral Cancer Treatment:
After the treatment, you can expect the following:
You will be put under high dependency care for monitoring purposes
Some drips and tubes may be connected to your body
You may have difficulty in talking depending on your procedure type
You will be given feeding tubes
You can expect to feel some pain post-treatment
Your dietary intake will depend on the kind of treatment you have had
Your doctor will recommend lifestyle changes and medicines