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Female Infertility – Causes & Signs

Female infertility is one of the major causes of failing to get pregnant (with frequent intercourse) for at least a year with no success. Female infertility is the leading reason for failure to conceive in one third of the infertility cases and it is a matter of concern.  The challenge with most childless couples is the failure to identify the correct factors that contribute towards failure to produce and offspring. Most of the times, the signs and symptoms go unnoticed in the initial stage and this leads to increased complications.

It is good to consult a gynaecologist if you see any of these signs.

Signs of Female Infertility:

  • Heavy Menstrual Bleeding: Heavy Menstrual Bleeding may be a sign of hormonal imbalance and may indicate failure of ovulation. In a normal cycle, when the egg is released from the ovaries, progesterone, which is the female hormone most responsible for keeping periods regular, is produced. Failure to ovulate means failure to get pregnant. It also leads to insufficient production of progesterone, which causes heavy menstrual bleeding.
  • Irregular Bleeding: Stress can lead to minor changes in your menstrual cycle, but irregularities that are not traceable or fairly accountable are a serious sign of worry. Irregular periods also indicate that you are not ovulating, indicating that you cannot get pregnant.
  • Missed Periods: No period is definitely a red signal and you must immediately visit a gynaecologist.
  • Very Painful Periods: While a certain degree of pain and spasms are routine, pain that is unbearable, and which may lead to vomiting, abnormal vaginal bleeding, pain during intercourse, and any blood discharge in your urine or bowels, should be immediately brought to your doctors notice
  • Sudden Acne: Development of sudden acne indicates the imbalance in your hormones, indicating polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) and might be affecting your chances of getting pregnant.
  • Unexplained Weight Gain: Unexplained weight gain is another sign of polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) and indicates imbalanced hormones and increased resistance to insulin. The weight gain is sudden despite not changing diets or levels of activity.

Causes of Female Infertility:

  • Failure to Ovulate is the primary reason for infertility and can happen due to variety of reasons:
    1. Hormonal Problems: An imbalance in the complex equilibrium of hormones may lead to failure of egg release and hence may cause female infertility.
    2. Scarred Ovaries: Any physical damage to the ovaries, due to surgeries, and any procedures that may cause the ovary capsule to get damaged, may also lead to failed ovulation.
  • Poorly Functioning Fallopian Tubes: This may vary from mild adhesion to complete blockage of Fallopian tubes and is one of the major causes of infertility. It happens due to:
    • Infection: STD’s or sexually transmitted diseases may cause inflammation and may lead to adhesion or damage.
    • Previous Surgeries: Any surgery that involved the female reproductive organs may affect the tubal passage
    • Congenital Defects: Few women may be born with these tubal defects.

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