A concussion is a minor traumatic brain injury produced by a blow to the head, a bump, or a sudden jolt. A concussion may affect everyone, from newborns to the elderly. The most frequent symptom is a headache. The majority of symptoms go away in 14 to 21 days. While each person’s recuperation plan is different, they all include mental and physical rest and a gradual return to activities. When your brain bounces or twists inside your skull, or when it undergoes fast, whiplash-like back and forth movement, it collides with the interior of your skull, causing a concussion. This movement of the brain causes chemical changes in the brain by stretching and damaging brain cells.

Management and treatment of a concussion

Once you are diagnosed with a concussion, the treatment process will involve a few strep to help speed up the recovery process.

  • Rest

Relative rest is the best method to enable your brain to recuperate during the first few days following a concussion. To recover from a concussion, your doctor would advise you to take physical and mental rest. While recovering, relative rest includes limiting activities that require high mental concentration. However, complete rest may slow recovery, hence include activities that will not strain your brain. Additionally, avoid strenuous or vigorous physical activities that may trigger symptoms. However, after a period of relative rest, gradually increase the daily activities and decide which ones do not triggr the symptoms.you may also include some physical activities and exercises gradually, which are sad to improve the recovery process.

As you recover from a concussion, your doctor may recommend that you have abbreviated school or workdays, take breaks during the day, or have modified or decreased school workloads or job projects. Different therapy, such as vision rehabilitation, balance rehabilitation, or cognitive rehabilitation for issues with thinking and memory, may be recommended by your doctor.

  • Pain reliefs

Headaches are common in the days and weeks following a concussion. Your doctor may recommend the use of pain relievers. However, be sure to ask your doctor if using an over-the-counter pain medication like acetaminophen is safe (Tylenol, others). Other pain killers, such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, and others), and aspirin, should be avoided since they might cause bleeding. Therefore, during recovery, ask for doctors’ advice on the medication to use for the headaches or get a prescription from them.

  • Getting back to routine activity

As your symptoms improve, you can gradually add more thinking-intensive tasks to your routines, such as accomplishing more schooling or job assignments or increasing the amount of time you spend at school or work. When it’s safe for you to resume light physical exercise, your doctor will let you know. Before your symptoms are entirely gone, you’re usually permitted to conduct modest physical exercise — such as riding a stationary bike or light running — as long as it doesn’t severely exacerbate your symptoms. After all signs and symptoms of a concussion have subsided, you and your doctor may talk about the actions you’ll need to take to return to sports safely. Resuming sports too soon might lead to injury.

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