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Back Pain – Risk Factors & Causes

Although anyone can be prone to back pain, there are few risk factors that may predispose you to increased chances of getting back pain. These factors can be as follows:

Age: As you age, increased wear and tear of the spine may result in what can lead to neck and back pain. It is usually more common in ages 30 years and above. People may also have chances of developing disc related disorders.

Sedentary lifestyle: The muscles in the back go weak due to lack of exercise and may contribute towards increased back pain.

Excess weight: Being obese puts extra stress on your back and other weight bearing joints and may significantly contribute towards increased chances of back pain.

Diseases: Prior history of few degenerative disease and some types of arthritis or cancer can contribute to back pain.

Occupational hazards: Jobs that may need repetitive bending and lifting, as well as long hours of standing without a break, can also put the person at greater risk.

Causes include:
Muscle or ligament strain – Improper lifting especially heavy weights and awkward movements without proper stretching, warm up and pre-conditioning the back can be a major contributory factor leading to sprains and strains of back muscles and spinal ligaments. If you have been physically inactive, constant strain on your back may cause painful muscle spasms.
Bulging or ruptured disks: Disks are placed between different vertebrae and act as a cushion between the bones and the spine. Sometimes, there might be slight protrusion of the soft material which may eventually rupture and press on a nerve.

Arthritis – Different types of arthritis can have a long term effect on the lower back and may sometimes contribute to related medical problems as well along with promoting back pain.
Skeletal irregularities: Changes in the spinal structure can also be a contributing factor towards increased back pain. In specific conditions like scoliosis, the spine curves abnormally and may lead to increased back pain.

Osteoporosis – Osteoporosis makes the bones porous and brittle and may lead to the spinal cord developing compression fractures