C section delivery is also known as Cesarean or abdominal delivery. C section is a complex procedure that includes incision in the uterus for childbirth. This process carries a lot of risks. It could be performed either by the choice of the patient or due to some emergency.
What is C – Section/ Cesarean Delivery?
C – section is a process of delivering a baby through an incision (cut) in mothers’ abdomen and uterus. In this process, the delivery of an infant is not done through the vagina. C section delivery is necessary in many cases like unprogressive labor pain, large size of the baby and so on.
C-section procedure is the last option for delivery. The level of risk in cesarean delivery is always higher than in vaginal delivery.
Cesarion is the secondary option. It is used when the normal delivery puts the infant or mother in danger.
C-section could be planned or unplanned for multiple reasons.
Why perform C-Section/ Cesarean Delivery?
C section delivery contains more risk factor than vaginal delivery. Sometimes c-section is the choice of the patient. But, in some cases like high risk pregnancy, c section delivery is the only option. There are multiple reasons to go for Cesarean Delivery.
- C-section may be performed in case of twins or triplets.
- Due to some health condition of fetus.
- The fetus has extra fluid in the brain.
- Size of the child is too large to pass through the cervix.
- In case the mother is suffering from HIV or herpes.
- In case the mother has high blood pressure or diabetes.
- The mother previously went through C section delivery.
The mother may choose cesarean delivery because of social influences including media, friends, and family. Some other reasons may include fear of pain, previous experience, interaction with specialists and so on.
C-section is a more complex process than vaginal delivery. It demands more time to recover. It may also cause many health problems as well. One must consult the specialists before making any choice.
Risks Involved In C Section delivery
C section delivery may reduce the pain at the time of delivery, but at the same time, it includes several risks. Any surgery brings a bundle of risk factor along with it. Some of the c-section risks are listed below:
- Infection in uterus
- Injury to the bladder or bowel
- Blood clots
- Delayed return of bowel function
- Difficulty urinating and/or urinary tract infection
- Wound infection
- Abnormal separation of the placenta, especially in women with previous cesarean delivery.
After a C section delivery, the chances of vaginal delivery are reduced. It takes a lot of time to recover than a vaginal delivery.
There are many other risks involved in C-section. The patient must consult the doctor before deciding. If there is no complication, vaginal delivery is better for the health of mother and infant.
Also, read about: 10 Body Changes to Expect When You Are Expecting
C- Section Procedure
Once you have made your decision to go ahead with c-section, the procedure starts. There are several processes that you need to follow before and after surgery.
The time you reach the hospital, your doctor will explain the whole process in detail. You may also ask questions to get a clear picture. Inform your doctor if you have any kind of allergies. Disclose all kinds of health disorders to the doctor.
During the C-Section procedure, the obstetrician or doctor makes a cut of at least 10 to 20 cm.
Despite being fully conscious, the patient’s lower body will remain pain-free with the help of epidural or spinal anesthesia.
After The Procedure
After the c-section procedure, the doctor keeps the patient under observation for some time. The patient has to take the provided medication for better recovery. If having gas pain, the patient should move around or walk for a few minutes. The doctors will provide a diet plan depending on the condition.
The patient gets discharged from the hospital soon after. The doctor will provide an appointment for followup. The patient should visit the hospital in case they feel any complications including:
- Heavy bleeding
- Foul smell from the vagina
- Leg pain or abdominal pain
- Increased pain, redness, or swelling at the incision site
Only the doctor can give the best advice and prescription for such disorders or emergency.
Recovery After C-Section
Similar to any surgery, the recovery period of c section delivery is longer than the vaginal delivery. The patient will experience much more pain than normal delivery. The doctor keeps the mother and infant under observation for around 2-3 days. In case of any complication, it may increase to 4-6 days.
In the recovery period, the patient may feel itchy, sick in their stomach or sore. These are the normal signs of recovery. These symptoms need no medical attention.
Some of the initial symptoms after c section delivery are:
- Soreness at the incision site
- Constipation and gas problems
- Difficulty in lifting the baby
You may feel pain and discomfort when you sneeze, cough or laugh. It will be better if you provide support to your abdomen near the cut. Lifting any heavy weighted objects may be harmful. Try not to put unnecessary pressure on the incision.
Check with your doctor about when you can get back to your normal activities. In case of normal delivery, you can get back to your regular routine in a very short span of time.
Try to walk around frequently to recover quickly and easily. It may reduce the risk of blood clots. Take help of someone while walking as it may be difficult for you to walk without support. Drink plenty of water and follow the diet plan provided by the doctor.
The scar of c-section fades over a period of time, approximately in a few weeks or months after delivery. The scar matches the color of natural skin in a few months.
Side Effects of Cesarean Section Delivery
After cesarean delivery, the patient may face several alarming symptoms. Some of those symptoms are:
- worsening pain
- increased vaginal bleeding
- increased redness at the incision site
- drainage or swelling of the surgical incision
- breast pain with redness or fever
- foul-smelling vaginal discharge
- pain when urinating
Whenever you see these kinds of issues, do visit a doctor and get the best possible treatment. Avoiding these side effects may be harmful.
Frequently Asked Question About C Section Delivery
1. What is Caesarean birth (C –Section)?
A cesarean birth (C-section) is a surgical procedure to deliver a baby. The doctor makes an incision (cut) in the front wall of the mother’s abdomen & her uterus.
2. When is C –Section necessary?
C-sections are recommended for women who carry high-risk pregnancy. High-risk pregnancy means either the mother or the baby is at risk. Also, some mothers prefer to go for C-section to avoid the pain of normal vaginal delivery.
Some of the indications are:
- Prolapsed cord (cord comes before the baby)
- Disorders of the placenta
- Abnormal presentation of the baby – where head does not come out first
- Pelvis is small & head of the baby is big
- Uncontrolled hypertension during pregnancy
- Too much or too little amniotic fluid around the baby
3. Who performs C – Section?
C section is performed by a trained obstetrician along with the team of anaesthesiologist trained nurses & other operating room staff. A pediatrician or child specialist is also present in the operation theatre to take care of the newborn baby.
4. Where is C – Section performed?
A C-section is performed in the operation theatre of the delivery unit of the hospital.
5. What kind of anaesthesia is given for C section?
Spinal anesthesia is given in the lower spinal cord (lower back). It makes the body numb from the abdomen to feet, but the patient is awake during the surgery. The numbness lasts for 3-5 hours, depending upon the type of anesthesia used.
6. How long does C-Section take?
The C-Section birth can take 10 to 15 minutes. Additionally it takes 45 minutes to stitch up the uterus and abdominal incision.
7. Will my husband be allowed inside the operation theatre?
Usually in the advanced Indian hospitals, the lady’s husband is allowed inside the operation theatre. However, you should always confirm it from your doctor, if the hospital protocol permits so.
8. What should I expect after the C-section?
- No doubt the couple & the family are overwhelmed by the birth of the baby. However, you may feel tired.
- Engorgement of breast may make you feel uneasy.
- Women may experience mood swings/changes after the delivery.
- You may feel pain at the incision site, for which painkillers are given at regular intervals.
- Some patients may complain of nausea and vomiting, which is usually controlled by the medications.
9. How long does it take to recover from C-Section?
It usually takes 2-6 weeks for incisions to heal & recover from the surgery. Mothers should take adequate rest. They should be able to get out of bed after a couple of days of the C-section.
They should take good nutrition and plenty of fluids. No prescribed medications should be neglected.
10. What are the risks/complications of C-Section?
In the majority of the cases, C-section is safe. However, there are few risks either during the surgery or afterwards. Some of the complications are:
- Blood loss
- Anaesthesia related complications
- Pain at the site of spinal anaesthesia
- Injury to other organs (urinary tract)
- Blood clot in lungs
- Injury during delivery
- Infection at the incision site
- Severe pain at the incision site
- Scar at the incision site
11. Can the 2nd baby be delivered vaginally after 1st baby was born via C – Section?
It is possible in some cases. You should consult with your doctor regarding the possibility of vaginal delivery after C-section.
12. What is more painful C – Section or Natural Birth?
At the time of delivery vaginal birth is more painful than C-section. But after the delivery, c-section takes more time to recover and is painful.
13. How long to wait for Sex after C – Section?
After c-section delivery, the women should wait at least for 6 weeks before having sex. For more clarification, one should consult a doctor for the same.
14. Cost of C-section in various Hospitals in India?
The cost of the C – section varies with the type of hospitals. To know the cost of C- section delivery in various Indian hospitals click here: C section Cost in India.
What are the Precautions after C Section?
- The patient should take complete rest and give time to the body for healing.
- Avoid lifting heavy objects.
- Try to drink more water to keep the body hydrated.
- Try to keep the activity level low until the healthcare provider suggests you to do so.
- Consult the doctor if signs of infection are visible.
- Do not use tampons and douche.
- Try not to use stairs for some time as it may put unnecessary pressure on the abdomen.
- The mother should always follow the precautions provided by the doctor.
Also, read about: 8 Things You Should Never Do To A New Mother
For more information and free personalized guidance, talk to Credihealth Medical Experts today.