The world is recently rocked with a new crisis, in the form of a disease, the human coronavirus. More than 360 deaths have been reported so far in China as a result of this new type of coronavirus. While more than 17,300 cases of the same have been identified.
In the US also, one case of human coronavirus has been confirmed lately. Here’s everything that the world knows of the disease.
Watch Coronavirus causes, symptoms and prevention tips explained by Dr. Sushila Kataria, Director of Internal Medicine at Medanta
What is Human Coronavirus?
Coronavirus is a type of virus most commonly found in animals. Medical science is aware of nearly seven different types of coronaviruses. Some types of this virus are zoonotic. It means that they are capable of transmitting from animals to humans.
Majorly MERS (Middle East Respiratory Syndrome) and SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome) are the ones that can be transferred in humans. They usually manifest as respiratory illnesses. The Chinese population, however, has been suffering from a new type of coronavirus, which experts argue is a part of SARS.
What are the Coronavirus Symptoms in Humans?
Though human coronaviruses are not new, few portions of the disease have surfaced now.
The most common symptoms are:
- Respiratory tract illness
- Difficulty in breathing or shortness of breath
- Kidney problems
- Runny nose
- Mild to high fever
- Sore throat
- Persistent cough
Coronavirus symptoms in humans can be easily misinterpreted with a general viral infection. The intensity with which this virus affects a person depends upon their overall health. Elderly people who have weak immunity are often most vulnerable to catching this virus.
Transmission of Human Coronavirus
As mentioned earlier, coronavirus is mostly found in animals, but few types of this disease can transfer in humans. A human to animal contact can easily pave the way for the transmission of this virus. Scientists claim that SARS was transferred from suspected civet cats to humans.
While human to human transfer of the coronavirus can happen due to several types of contacts, it majorly depends on the severity of the virus in the affected person. If a person has a less severe coronavirus, the transfer to another person may be possible through coming in contact via a cough, sneeze or handshake. On the other hand, if the SARS is severe in the affected person, the transfer in another human may be possible even by touching the same object.
Human Coronavirus Treatment
So far, human coronavirus treatment has not been found. Medical specialists across the globe have been prescribing medications to relieve pain and symptoms in the patients.
No vaccines to prevent human coronavirus have been discovered as of now. Healthcare providers advise the following to suspected patients:
- Drink plenty of fluids, especially water
- Use a dehumidifier
- Get quality rest and sleep
- Avoid going to social gatherings
- Wear protective masks
Tips For Pet Owners
Since human coronavirus generates from animals, and in case of SARS, from cats, specifically, pet owners should take certain precautions. Take your pet to the vet regularly.
Cats can catch coronavirus and still show no sign or symptom. Veterinary doctors can offer specific guidelines to avoid this disease. Dogs can also be affected by the same.
- Keep your household hygienic and clean
- Do not skip your pet’s vaccination
- Avoid making very close contact with them
Human coronavirus may not be a modern disease, but its expanse is new. Researchers in the field are exploring solutions for the same. However, individuals must practice care from their ends.
Also, read about: All You Need To Know About Swine Flu Outbreak in India
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