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IUI is the abbreviated form of Intrauterine Insemination. This term consists of two words which if simply explained means; intrauterine – within the uterus and insemination – deliberate introduction of sperm. This process of external introduction of the sperm into the female’s uterine cavity to cause in-vivo fertilization is called Intrauterine Insemination. IUI procedure is a relatively simple and beneficial procedure for those couples who have been trying to conceive naturally. Owing to its properties of being less invasive and less expensive than in-vitro fertilization, IUI procedure is being widely adopted by many couples.
Objective of IUI procedure
The objective of the IUI procedure is to give the sperms an impetus by placing them inside the female’s uterine cavity. However, the sperms still have to swim some length of the fallopian tubes to reach the egg and fertilize it.
Those couples who experience unexplained fertility in spite of physiological normalcy are the ones to get most benefited from the procedure. Apart from them, those who suffer from cervical mucus problems or ejaculation dysfunction can also benefit from the IUI procedure.
Here is a step by step explanation of the IUI procedure:
- The female is required to take ovulations stimulating medication. Post this; there is constant monitoring to check the maturation of the eggs.
- LH hormone is the indicator for this, and the IUI procedure is planned 24-36 hours before the surge of this hormone that indicates ovulation.
- The semen sample is washed in the lab to separate the seminal fluid from the semen. This concentrated semen in kept ready for intrauterine insemination at the right time.
- The process of insemination occurs through a catheter that delivers the sperm to the uterus.
IUI procedure is a simple process and requires only a few minutes to be completed. However, if all parameters fall into place correctly, only then will this procedure result in a successful pregnancy.
Is IUI Right For You?
IUI procedure is not recommended for the following:
- Blocked Fallopian Tubes: Simple radio diagnosis can reveal the health of fallopian tubes. Those females whose fallopian tubes are blocked cannot benefit from IUI treatment as there is no possibility of the sperm reaching the egg if the tubes are blocked.
- Endometriosis: Endometrium is the lining of the uterus. Under the condition of severe endometriosis, this lining grows outside of the uterus and can be really painful. It can also cause infertility amongst those affected.
- Pelvic infections: The sperm needs an infection-free scenario to be able to pass through the uterine cavity of the female and reach the egg. In case of severe pelvic infection of any kind, this would not be possible, and hence IUI should be avoided.
IUI treatment Success Rate
IUI procedure is always accompanied with fertility medication. Under these circumstances, there are higher chances of the success rate of the procedure leading to a successful pregnancy, which sometimes happens in multiples also.
At an overall level, if the couple goes through the entire IUI treatment and performs the IUI procedureevery month, then the success rate increases by 20% per cycle. This rate also depends on external factors like the age of the female, the kind of fertility medicines being used, the reason for infertility and so on.
IUI treatment success rate is an approximation and may differ from case to case. However, with the treatment being less invasive and less expensive, it is always a preferred choice of treatment over IVF. In-vitro fertilization occurs under extremely controlled conditions; hence the rate of success becomes higher in IVF, but the procedure is longer and more complex than IUI.
Ultimately, IUI treatment becomes one of the good options to explore before you settle in for IVF. Talking to your doctor or to parents who have conceived through IUI procedure is an excellent way to embark on your journey of conception.
Also, Read About: IVF Complications and Birth Defects