Skin cancer: Symptoms, Causes, Treatments, And Preventions

Skin cancer symptoms can be tricky to identify, but some signs include changes in existing skin spots, & patches, etc. Read more about symptom of skin cancer.

Skin cancer: Symptoms, Causes, Treatments, And Preventions
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Skin cancers are commonly seen in everyday life. Skin cancers are usually caused when the skin is exposed to UV radiation, leading to changes in the skin cell that can lead to overgrowth. One common symptom of skin cancer is the development of unusual skin growths or changes in existing moles. While other Symptoms include changes in the shape, size, and color of the skin growth, and many skin cancer cells are treatable when caught early. These treatments can include surgeries, chemotherapies, and radiation. Today we will look at different symptoms that can indicate if you have skin cancer.

What is Skin Cancer?

Symptom of Skin cancerSkin cancer is a disease that can be involved in the abnormal growth or spreading of cells in the skin tissues. 
  • Skin cancer is usually the rapid growth of the skin cell, growing and becoming old and dying off. 
  • When the skin cells grow too quickly, they can lead to the spreading of the accumulation of these cells, which may or may not cause any harm. Sometimes this growth can be non-cancerous.
  • Skin cancers can affect people of all skin conditions, including people with darker complexion.
  •  Melanoma or abnormal growth of the skin cells can be caused due to extreme or rare exposure to the sun, the development of sweaty palms and soles of the feet.
Book an online appointment with the Best Melanoma Doctors in India

What are the signs of skin cancer?

Skin cancers can spread to nearby organs and tissues in different body areas. When these cancers are seen early on, they can be identified and treated in the initial stages and are mostly cured. So it is crucial to talk to the doctor in case you have observed any of these symptoms of skin cancer-The most common symptom of skin cancer can be changes in the skin; this can be in the form of new growth, a difference in the existing growth, or changes in mole color.Symptom of Skin cancerSkin cancers symptoms are-
  1. A new mole or changes in the size or shape of the mole.
  2. Another symptom of skin cancer is the development of a spot or sore that bleeds, oozes, or crusts and doesn't heal within a few weeks.
  3. A pearly white bump on the skin (face, neck, or ears).
  4. Areas on the skin can look like scars.
  5. Sores that look crusty or have depression in the middle or bleeding so often.
  6. Wound or sores that will not help or heal but come back faster
  7. A rough, scaly lesion that causes itching, bleeding, or is crusty.

What happens in skin cancer?

  1. The basal cell, or the base layer of skin cells, formed in the basal cells in the lower part of the epidermis, starts growing. 
  2. The square-shaped cells that form the outer layer of the skin start producing more melanin, a brown pigment that can change the color and tones of the skin and is responsible for protecting against exposure to the sun's UV radiation. 
  3. When there are too many changes in the skin, it can lead to cancer. Melanoma is a serious type of skin cancer that can move to other organs and tissues in the body.
  4. A person may also experience Persistent itching, tenderness, or pain in a specific area of the skin as a Symptom of skin cancer.
Also Read: 12 Effective Ways to Get Rid of Skin Tags at Home

What can be the causes of skin cancer?

The leading cause of the increase in skin cancer is overexposure to sunlight; when sunburned, there are blisters. In addition, UV rays from the sun damage the skin's DNA, which causes abnormal cells to form, and these can rapidly divide by organizing themselves into a mass of cancer cells.

What does the skin look like in cancer?

Symptom of Skin CancerThe skin can look very different when one has cancer. If you want to identify this can or think you have developed skin cancer, then look at the ABCDE rule. This can help figure out more about skin cancers.The ABCDE rules suggest -A - Asymmetry, if there is an asymmetry in the shape of the skin cells, it can be a sign of a developing problem.B - Blurry or irregularly shaped edges, the edges of the fingernails, and skin tissues can become blurry during the initial stage of skin cancer.C - color, While color changes are the first symptoms that can warn you against skin cancer, it can also happen in case of a change of color of moles.D- Diameter, the changes or increases in swelling in the skin, can also be a parameter suggesting causes of skin cancer.E - Evolutions, any changes in shape, color, or size, can signify that now is the time to see a dermatologist and check if everything is alright.Also Read: 12 Best Ways To Get Rid of Acne Scars

What are the treatments for skin cancer?

Skin cancer treatment will depend on the skin cancer's stage, type, and location. Here are some of the common skin treatments-
  1. Surgery: The primary treatment for skin cancer is often surgical removal. The surgeon removes the abnormal tissue growth and a base layer of healthy skin to ensure complete removal. The extent and severity of surgery can vary depending on the cancer.
  2. Mohs surgery: It entails removing thin layers of tissue one by one. In addition, it entails removing thin layers of tissue one at a time and immediately inspecting each layer under a microscope for clarity of cell growth. 
  3. Radiation Therapy: Radiation therapy involves using high-energy rays or other types of radiation that can kill cancer cells and prevent their growth. Radiation therapy is frequently used when surgery is not an option or when cancer cells remain after surgery. 
  4. Topical medications: Topical medications can treat certain types of skin cancer, such as squamous basal cell carcinoma and actinic keratoses. These creams or gels are applied directly to the affected area, where the cancer is destroyed.
  5. Cryotherapy: Cryotherapy is a treatment that involves freezing cancer cells in liquid nitrogen. It's commonly used to treat superficial skin cancers like actinic keratoses. Cryotherapy causes the treated area to blister; eventually, the scab and dead tissue fall off as the skin heals.
It's important to note that the stage of skin cancer and the individual patient's overall health influence treatment options. A doctor should always be consulted for an accurate diagnosis and personalized treatment plan.Also Read: Fungal Skin Infections 101

What is the risk factor for skin cancer?

  1. Skin cancer can be a risk factor for all individuals regardless of color or sex. 
  2. Some people can get it more than others, but all can have a chance of getting skin cancer. 
  3. Before age 50, skin cancer was more common in females than males, and people assigned females at birth can also get skin cancer. 
  4. After 50, more men have the chance of getting skin cancer, This can be common in all types of races and ethnic backgrounds like Hispanic non-Hispanic African, etc., but for people with darker skin, cancer is diagnosed a lot later in the final stages; thus, it becomes difficult to treat them.

How to prevent skin cancer?

Though there are simple measures that you can take to prevent skin cancer, you must be aware of these precautions and follow them rigorously, especially if skin cancer exists in any family member.
  1. Spending limited hours in the sun; if you are working, ensure minimal sun exposure and wear full-sleeved clothes.
  2. If you live in a sunny or higher altitude place, you should avoid contact with the outdoors during the day.
  3. Avoid using tanning products.
  4. People with light-colored eyes, blond or red hair, and fair or freckled skin can have problems associating with the sun.
  5. If you have moles or getting moles, it will be better to get them fixed by a doctor.
  6. Have keratosis of the skin growths that are rough, scaly, and dark pink to brown in color and patches. Then ensure you treat the condition with the correct procedures and remedies.
Also Read: Signs & Symptoms of Basal Cell Carcinoma

When to see a doctor if you have skin cancer?

You should take some time to meet with your medical healthcare provider if any noticeable changes in the skin can lead to worrying you and these changes in the skin cancer are making it impossible for you to focus on work or school. The doctor will investigate the skin changes to determine the cause of skin cancer.


While cancers of different types can be a big deal and also worrying, you should know that sometimes the symptom of skin cancer can be related to other skin health conditions, like scaly patches are also seen in eczema and flaky skin in psoriasis. Thus, it is highly recommended to get in touch with a doctor and see if these symptoms are of skin cancer. Usually, the doctor will perform a biopsy to check the growth of the cell, and if there are chances, they can recommend Chemotherapy or radiation therapy.Book an online appointment with the Best Radiation Therapy Doctors in India

Frequently Asked Questions

What are the signs of skin cancer?

A large brownish change in color and size of the skin or the development of cysts and moles can be signs of skin cancer.

What are the warning symptoms of skin cancer?

The warning signs of skin cancer can be changes in the appearance of moles and the development of scaly patches on the skin.

What are the symptoms of skin cancer?

Some symptoms of skin cancer can be abnormal growth and change in skin color.

What are the three types of skin cancers?

The three types of skin cancers can be sores, small lumps, and freckles.