Side effects of prednisone are a steroidal drug that is primarily used as an immunity suppressant. It is prescribed to reduce inflammation and swelling in cases of arthritis and improve breathing in an asthmatic attack. Prednisone is a quick-acting corticosteroid that acts directly on the body’s immune system and suppresses its activity to reduce inflammation and swelling. It is a drug most commonly used as a first-line treatment for autoimmune diseases such as Rheumatoid arthritis, Lupus, and Celiac disease.
Prednisone is safe and very effective in treating so many diseases that cause the hyperactivity of the immune system. It is safe, however, with proper instructions from the prescribing doctor. While this drug successfully treats several diseases, there are more than a few side effects of prednisone that must be endured to see the drug’s full value. These side effects are briefly discussed below.
Take Prednisone for a week, which may not cause any side effects. But taking Prednisone for a few months or at a higher dose can lead to the following side effects.
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Moon’s face is the highlight side effect of taking Prednisone medication. Prednisone is notorious for retaining sodium levels in the body. This leads to water retention around the neck, which causes the face and neck region to bulge as a “moon.” Fluid retention may also occur in the legs and around the ankles. This effect is commonly seen in the long-term use of Prednisone.
Suppressing immunity means the body’s natural defense system is compromised for as long as the drug is used. This makes the patient more immune to pathogens and disease-causing bacterial infections, fungal infections, and viral infections.
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Oral side effects in the mouth usually arise with an inhaler pump. Effects seen in the oral cavity include:
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The more serious and life-long lasting side effects of prednisone are:
Long-term use of Prednisone is often taken only when the benefits far exceed the side effects. Long-term use of any steroidal medication can cause detrimental and lasting effects on the body, as discussed below:
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Prednisone is a kidney-friendly drug that can reduce inflammation in the kidneys. It also improves renal function and can be taken by patients suffering from a kidney disorder.
Prednisone compromises the immunity of children and makes them more susceptible to infections. Long-term use of Prednisone is also known to cause stunted growth in growing children.
Prednisone is safe to use in children below the age of 17 years. It is also safe to be taken by children above the age of 3. Special pediatric formulations of Prednisone are available for children.
Prednisone is an excellent drug that is very commonly prescribed in treating diseases that require your immunity to be suppressed. It is also essential to be used as a long-term medication for an organ transplant or blood transfusion. While Prednisone is safe to use for all its benefits, being a steroidal drug means it brings several side effects. Some of these side effects are minor and usually go away once you stop taking the drug. However, some side effects can be life-long and sometimes even life-threatening. It is wise to understand these side effects before you take the medication and speak to your doctor about any doubts that may arise.
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